These assorted Fact Sheets
provide general guidance on a variety of techniques that can be applied to
protect or restore aquatic resources in a subwatershed. The fact sheets are
organized around the tools of watershed protection (see below). General information
provided on each fact sheet typically includes descriptions, costs, examples,
design considerations, limitations, and other references. The information
provided on the fact sheets should be viewed only as guidance; users should
always investigate the availability of more specific and potentially overriding
guidance that exists locally.
Watch for links to related
materials that are available in other categories within this website.
View all Fact Sheets
Watershed planning covers a wide array of activities that generally revolve
around land use and development decisions. The fact sheets presented here
include a series of resource protection templates that provide guidance
on how different types of watersheds (e.g., sensitive, impacted, urban lake,
etc.) might be managed. In addition, a fact sheet on watershed-based zoning
gives insight on one of many land use planning techniques available to the
Land conservation is an important watershed protection tool because it involves
taking the necessary steps to protect the most valuable resources within
a watershed. The fact sheets here include conservation easements and urban
watershed reforestation, both of which target the establishment of large,
permanent tracts of open space.
Buffers are a type land
conservation that have added importance because they are the interface between
streams and developed or disturbed areas. As establishing and maintaining
buffers is an important tool for watershed managers, this fact sheet addresses
the important aspects of an effective buffer.
Better Site Design
innovative site planning techniques can help reduce the amount of impervious
cover and stormwater runoff from a site. In addition, these practices can
reduce the pollutant loads that are delivered to receiving streams. A small
suite of better site design fact sheets are provided here to illustrate
how these innovative practices can be incorporated into site designs and
outline associated environmental benefits.
Erosion and Sediment Control
erosion and sediment control at a site requires that a full suite of redundant
controls be applied in a logical fashion to prevent adverse effects on receiving
waters. A series of 13 fact sheets are provided here that cover some of
the more common and effective erosion and sediment control practices that
can be used on construction sites.
The Manual section of
this website provides abundant information on stormwater practice design,
performance criteria, and selection guidance. In addition, a series of fact
sheets on the most common stormwater management practices provides quick
summary descriptions of practices, including planning level cost information.
Also, for additional information and data associated with performance of
stormwater treatment practices you can check out the National BMP Case Study
Database at http://www.bmpdatabase.org.
restoration practices have a range of objectives, from bank protection to
habitat creation. Frequently, these practices are installed in concert with
upstream stormwater management practices. This category presents a series
of fact sheets that provide descriptions and schematics of a suite of over
20 practices broken down into four major groups: bank protection, grade
control, flow deflection/concentration, and bank stabilization.
Non-stormwater discharges include a range of nonpoint pollution sources
that can have significant contributions to pollutant loads in some watersheds.
Examples of non-stormwater discharges include illicit connections, sanitary
sewer overflows, and improperly functioning septic systems. This fact sheet
addresses septic systems.
One of the goals of watershed stewardship is to increase public awareness
and understanding about watersheds, which includes educating people about
the consequences that many of their day-to-day behaviors can have on the
health of a watershed. A series of residential and municipal/institutional
pollution prevention fact sheets are presented here that address topics
ranging from pet waste management to green rooftops to illegal dumping controls.